Plant lovers, have you ever liked one of your plants so much that you wished to have them in multiple corners of your house? After all, everyone has a favorite plant that they cannot get enough of. So, what do they do in such cases? What if you wish to multiply the same plant and place them in different places, or even for gifting purposes? Well, the answer is quite simple- just propagate them. Wait. What is plant propagation? And more importantly, how can plants be propagated? If these are the questions in your mind, too, then this guide is just for you. This guide covers everything you need to know about plant propagation and can serve as a key to any possible questions you may have. So, let’s get started!
First Of All, What Is Plant Propagation?
Before we dive into the details of how you can propagate plants, let’s find out what it means in the first place. Plant propagation is nothing but a process to reproduce the same plant without a second plant parent. This is also called asexual propagation because only one plant parent is involved. There are a variety of techniques for doing so, which we will discuss further in this guide. However, please know that even if these techniques don’t require a professional gardener, you cannot execute them without the right knowledge. You need to know exactly how to go about the entire process of plant propagation, and only then can you do it the way it is supposed to be done. Otherwise, you may end up damaging the plant. So let’s find out how to do it so that you can propagate plants the right way.
This one is easily one of the most commonly used methods of propagating plants. Again, there are three different cutting methods: leaf cuttings, stem cuttings, and root cuttings. As the name suggests, the plant is cut from any vegetative parts, including the leaf, stems, and roots. And after that, the cuttings are again planted in soil and treated like a new plant all over again. Since there are only two major steps involved in this procedure, cutting is most commonly used among gardeners when a plant has to be multiplied.
Next up is the division technique. This method is mostly used in the case of perennials. Perennials are nothing but those plants that live for a long time, such as two to three years or more. To use this technique, divide the plant into two or more halves by simply digging the area. After that, move each half of the plant to another location that you have already prepared for it. In this way, what happens is that the nutrition and hydration requirement of the plant gets divided, and it reaches each part sufficiently.
Grafting is a tad bit complex and is quite unreliable also. However, grafting can prove to be very helpful in plant propagation when appropriately executed. In this technique, the plant is cut from the stem such that a twig gets separated from the rest of the plant. This twig is then attached to another one of the same plants. Now again, this attachment can be done in many ways, such as by binding them together with a plant-friendly rope or by fixing both of them inside a tube. Over time, these two units of the plant become one.
All in all, plant propagation is an effective way of replicating plants without a second plant parent. This allows you to have the same plant produced as many times as you want. So every time a visitor likes one of your plants, you can gift it to them the next time. Other than that, you can use these techniques to divide an oversized plant without destroying it. In this way, not only does the plant become easier to manage, but it also ensures that it receives adequate nutrition, hydration, sunlight, and love.